New Delhi: The social index of states based on parameters like welfare and basic necessities revealed wide disparities in the country’s progress. Large traditionally backward states such as Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Assam fared poorly, while centrally administered territories such as Puducherry and Lakshadweep and the northeastern states outperformed the core indicators.
The Prime Minister’s Economic Advisory Council (EAC-PM) in association with the Institute for Competitiveness and Social Progress on Tuesday released the Social Progress Index (SPI) for states and districts in India as mandated by the EAC-PM.
According to the index, Puducherry, Lakshadweep and Goa are the best performing states in terms of mix of social indicators. Shimla and Solan in Himachal Pradesh and Aizawl in Mizoram are the top three districts.
The index evaluates states and districts based on 12 components across three dimensions of social progress: basic human needs, foundations of well-being and opportunity.
Compared to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which is only a measure of income or output in an economy, SPI, like the UN Human Development Index, is a composite index calculated based on social parameters such as health and well-being, environmental quality and basic medical care, etc.
Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh were in the categories of low social progress or very low social progress. Kerala, Jammu and Kashmir, Mizoram, Punjab, Tamil Nadu and Sikkim were among the states with high social status. The states were divided into six categories according to their level of social and economic development.
“The report is based on objective data and is primarily a normative/prescriptive exercise. It presents a cross-section of data from states and districts and the focus is on analyzing different levels of development by grouping states, according to the EAC-PM president of selected states and districts, Bibek Debroy. the report
“By assessing the change in performance on a number of key indicators since 2015-16, the report presents a broad picture of India’s social progress. The report also highlights the progress made by the country’s 112 mandatory constituencies, helping them track their social progress trajectory and understand areas that require more attention “, said an official statement.